Ugadi (Ugādi, Samvatsarādi, Yugadi) is a new year for the Hindus of the states of Andhra Pradezh, Telangana, and Karnataka in India. On the first day in the month of Chaitra in the Hindu lunisolar calendar, these regions are observed celebrating. in the Gregorian year of 2020, Ugadi will be celebrated on 25 March. The word Ugadi is driven from the Sanskrit word Yugadi, in which the word ‘yuga’ means period and ‘Adi’ means beginning which clearly means the start of the news cycle.
Hindus in all different parts of India celebrate the same day as a New Year. For instance, Gudi Padwa is called in Maharashtra, but often Gregorian days are observed before because the luminary day starts and ends according to the moon’s position in the Hindu calendar. The festival is celebrated in Karnataka as the Yugadi. Ugadi is also named’ Padhyami Chaitra Suddha’
The Origin Of Ugadi
The Ugadi festival also finds its reference in Hindu mythology, one directly linked to Lord Brahma. It’s believed that Lord Brahma started forming the Universe on the day of the Ugadi. Hence, Ugadi is regarded as the first day of the universe’s creation cycle. It was the day that Lord Brahma invented all living and nonliving things. Other regions of the country such as Punjab, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Assam also features Ugadi festival has the arrival of Spring and Harvest season, along with New Year Festival. Ugadi welcomes the spring season’s arrival and stands for prosperity. When spring brings fresh leaves, fresh flowers, bright sunshine, and nature appear to be waking from its long winter slumber, so the festival signals the beginning of a new age.
There start a pre planning is carried out to celebrate this festival. The preparations usually start a couple of days in advance. For the reason people are cleaning and washing their homes. They buy new clothes to wear on the day. Many other things are purchased and kept ready by the people to honor the Ugadi spirit. They make arrangements for the cooking of the different cuisines.
Celebration of Ugadi
Ugadi’s Celebration is characterized by excitement and happiness. People are awake before sunrise on the special day and after a ritual oil-bath they get ready, as it is the Ugadi’s tradition is prevalent. Even gods and goddess idols get an oil-bath on this day.
In the entrance of the homes, shops, and temples some decorations are made in a combination of mango leaves and flowers Temples. It is normal practice on the day to create colorful rangolis in front of the buildings. And on this day all the family members gather together at one place to pray or worship by wearing new clothes.
The Panchanga Shravanam or Panchanga Hearing is an important feature of this day. This is read at the temples by the priests, or at home by the eldest family member. During this day the educated pandits and astrologers also make predictions and regular New Year projections based on the moon position. The temple priest must be given thanks in the form of new garments, or whoever is reading the Panchanga.
Before eating Bevu Bella, a platter that is vital for Ugadi celebrations, prayers are extended to the Sun God. The recipe consists of a mixture of Neem flower or buds, jaggery, green chilies, salt, tamarind juice, and a mixture of unripened mango symbolizing a combination of joyful, sorrowful, enraging, fearsome and unexpected occurrences.
New enterprises start on the day
A lot of new businesses begin on Ugadi. People are beginning to create their new homes, launching new business projects, making big buys, and signing contracts on this important day.
Bevu Bella-A bowl of life’s six flavors
On the event of Ugadi, people put the emphasis on making a special recipe that includes six distinct and separate ingredients of life. Ugadi Pakhadi or Bevu Bella is the name of this pot. “Bevu” represents bitterness and “Bella” represents sweetness. This dish consists of neem blossoms, tamarind, powdered chilies, jagger, salt, and unripe mango. on the day Ugadi this dish is to be consumed first.
It’s a ceremonial dish that means the nature of life through its ingredients. Every element in this dish means a different taste.
- Neem flowers are for bitter taste signifying life difficulties
- Tamarind will be for a sour taste represents Dare
- Chili powder will be for a fiery taste signifying moments of frustration or disturbing
- mango which is unripe are for a tangy taste representing surprises
- Salt is representing life meaning
- Jaggery will be for a sweet flavor representing joy.
The dish therefore has all the flavors, from bitterness to sweetness. Bevu Bella signifies that life is a combination of different emotions, experiences and events that one must learn to bravely face. As a result, the festival is celebrated to welcome a new start to life every year, with perceptions of well-being, happiness, prosperity and growth.
This is the day Chaitra Navratri begins. This Chaitra Navami is a really vital state festival, in which nine days of pleasure and bliss are celebrated with all the excitement. The festival last day is called has Ram Navami, or Lord rama’s birth. ‘ A further crucial aspect of karnataka’s Ugadi is the ceremonial reading or hearing of the Panchanga, whereby projections regarding the upcoming year are forecasted.
in the form of Gudi Padwa, the Ugadi festival is celebrated. According to legend, Brahma created the world on that day. On this day, too, Satya Yug has begun the era of reality. This day thus represents a good start, and many routines are connected to it. A special colored rangoli is made in the courtyard of all house on this day, one of the most important rituals. On this day Women from the house should wake up early.
Ugadi celebration in Telangana is quite identical to the celebration of Andhra Pradesh. People wake up early here in the morning in Ugadi, have a ritualist bath. A lot of people go to the river nearby. After that, the women of the house dress in five yards of saree and the men go into the popular panche. Every day is also wearing new clothing. Clean and ironed clothes are used by those who can’t do the same. Then people go together, as a family, to show respect to the local god and start the new year with a good mark